Headline, March 13 2024/ ''' DATA A.I. DATE '''

''' DATA A.I.

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A.I. COMPLICATES EFFORTS TO KEEP Data Centers green. As of now, new sites are being built at a ' breakneck pace,' straining the energy grid.

A.I. requires huge data centers to train the evolving large-language models. In the U.S., '' it's a land grab,'' one energy executive said.

In the past, companies built data centers close to internet users, to better meet consumer requests, like streaming a show on Netflix or playing a video game hosted in the cloud.

But the growth of artificial intelligence requires huge data centers to train the evolving large-language models, making proximity to users less necessary.

But as more of these sites start to pop up across the United States, there are new questions on whether they can meet the demand while still operating sustainably.

The carbon footprint from the construction of the centers and the racks of expensive computer equipment is substantial in itself, and their power needs have grown considerably.

Just a decade ago, data centers drew 10 megawatts of power, but 100 megawatts is common today. The Uptime Institute, an industry advisory group, has identified 10 supersize cloud computing campuses across North America with an average size of 621 megawatts.

This growth in electricity demand comes as manufacturing in the United States is the highest in the past half-century, and the power grid is becoming increasingly strained.

The Uptime Institute predicted in a recent report that the sector's myriad net-zero goals, which are self-imposed benchmarks, would become much harder to meet in the face of this demand and that backtracking could become common.

'' This is not about data centers,'' said Mark Dyson, a managing director at RMI, a nonprofit organization focused on sustainability.  

'' Data centers are a practice round for a much bigger wave of load growth that we are already seeing and are going to continue seeing in this country coming from electrification of industry, vehicles and buildings.''

The data center industry has embraced more sustainable solutions in recent years, becoming a significant investor in renewable power at the corporate level. Sites that leased wind and solar capacity jumped 50 percent year over year as of early 2023, to more than 40 gigawatts, capacity that continues to grow.

Still, demand outpaces those investments. And the need for more processing power is backing up the interconnection queue and creating stopgap solutions.

Power-hungry data centers in full force further complicate the balance. Data centers in the construction pipeline would, when complete, use as much power annually as the San Francisco metro area, according to a report released last month by the real estate services company JLL.

Most sites coming online this year are already leased, in popular markets, significant space will not open up for at least two years.

'' You have to get as many gigawatts live as you possibly can, as fast as you can,'' Ms. Fenn of Lancium said. '' People are going to cobble that together in whatever way they can.''

That has quickly expanded development beyond the established first-and second-tier markets, such as Northern Virginia, Dallas and Silicon Valley.

A.I. is only a small percentage of the global data center footprint. The Uptime Institute predicts A.I. will skyrocket to 10% the sector's global power use by 2025 from 2% today.

'' They have been building at a breakneck pace with so many other kinds of drivers for demand,'' said Andy Lawrence, executive director of research at the institute. '' A.I.'s kind of the froth on top.''          

Last year, construction of data centers was up 25%, according to the real estate firm CBRE.

And Nvidia, which supplies most of the high-tech chips powering this technology, recently reported record profit in data center sales, with 2023 revenue hitting $47.5 billion.

A 217% jump from the year before.

The Honour and Serving of the Latest Global Operational Research on Data Centers, A.I. and the Energy grid continues. The World Students Society thanks Patrick Sisson.

With respectful dedication to the Students, Professors and Teachers of the world.

See You all prepare for Great Global Elections on The World Students Society - the exclusive and eternal ownership of every student in the world : wssciw.blogspot.com and Twitter X !E-WOW! - The Ecosystem 2011 :

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