Headline, January 08 2024/ ''' ! SCIENCE FUNDING SCREECH ! '''


 SCREECH ! '''

! SCIENCE FUNDING ! : THE WORLD STUDENTS SOCIETY - for every subject in the world - is the exclusive and eternal ownership of every student in the world 

AND I ADDRESS one of the Founders of !WOW! : Engineer Salar Khan Yusufzai : '' Someday, but in the very near future, you all will have to ' consider science funding on !WOW! '.

! Consider Experimenting ! You all will have to search, source and accomplish ! strategic alliances !  with global universities and philanthropists. Remember the economic returns to research are so large   -at least ten times the original investment, by one estimate. Trust I am clear? ''

THE TRANSFORMATION UNLEASHED BY increased funding for science during the 20th century is nothing short of remarkable.

In the early 1900s research was a cottage industry mostly funded by private firms and philanthropy.

Thomas Edison electrified the world from his industrial lab at Menlo Park, and the Carnegie Foundation was the principal backer of Edwin Hubble. Advances in science during the second world war - from the development of radar to the atom bomb led governments and companies to scale things up.

By the mid-1960s America's federal government was spending 0.6% of GDP on research funding and the share of overall investment in research and development rose to nearly 3%.

Inventions including the Internet, GPS and space telescope followed.

That dynamism is fizzling out. A growing body of work shows that even as the world spends more on research, the bang for each extra buck has fallen. One explanation for this is that the way science is funded is out of date.`

Researchers must now contend with a daunting amount of bureaucracy. The rate at which grant applications are accepted has fallen, meaning more of them must be made. Two-fifths of a top scientist's time is spent on things other than research, such as, such as looking for money.

One study found that researchers spent a combined 614 years applying for grants from a single funding body in Australia in 2014 alone. Risky ideas are often put aside.

The current system is also monolithic. Western scientific systems are dominated by handouts of project grants and peer review. Most money flows to universities, and the academic career ladder is such that researchers face incentives to pursue incremental advances.

In order to boost citations and gain tenure, rather than breakthrough work. It is time for another shake-up.

A growing cadre of scientists, policymakers and philanthropists hopes to revamp science funding. In 2022, America's CHIPS Act reformed the National Science Foundation [NSF] to focus it more on technology.

America's famed Advanced Research Projects Agency [ DARPA ] - which was founded in 1958 and seeded the modern internet - has inspired copycats in Britain and Germany.

Tech billionaires' plans to fund pet projects come thick and fast. On November 1st Eric Schmidt, a former boss of Google, announced he was funding a moonshot to build an ''artificial-intelligence scientist'' to speed up biology.

The problem is that no one really knows which approaches work best. For example many great scientific discoveries have come out from funding basic science but from the pursuit of commercial  technology.

The transistor, for instance, emerged from AT&T Bell Labs. That is why governments should start treating the search for the best ways to fund science as though it were itself a scientific problem.

The first step is to try new things. More money could fund promising people rather than specific projects encouraging researchers to take risks. Funders could move faster and bypass peer review entirely, for example by using motteries.

Countries should also learn from the best practices of others. American philanthropists give over three times more to science than do their European counterparts. '' Europeans might benefit from changing that. ''

More important still is to find ways to measure what is working and what is not, and then adapt accordingly. Governments might consider appointing ''meta scientists'' or '' chief economists'' to do the number crunching across their various scientific agencies.

One intriguing idea is to keep tabs on an ''anti-portfolio'', or a list of projects that they do not fund, and track how they perform.

None of this will be easy. Experimentation comes with tradeoffs. More cash for DARPA-like bodies means less for other approaches. Scientific funders say they want to experiment, but they also face pressure to support research that can be easily explained, to keep politicians happy.

In some cases more money maybe the only solution. Like science itself, the way of funding it must also progress.

The Honour and Serving of the Latest Global Operational Research on Times, '' Science Funding '', !WOW! and the Future, continues. The World Students Society thanks The Economist.

With respectful dedication to The Global Founder Framers of !WOW!, and then Leaders, Students, Professors and Teachers of the world. 

See You all prepare for Great Global Elections on The World Students Society : wssciw.blogspot.com and Twitter X !E-WOW! - The Ecosystem 2011 :

Good Night and God Bless

SAM Daily Times - the Voice of the Voiceless


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