Headline, August 30 2023/ THREATS : ''' '' JOBS -A.1.- JOLT '' '''

THREATS : ''' '' JOBS -

A.1. - JOLT '' '''

PROGRESS IN A.I. COULD POSE A NEW THREAT TO OFFICE WORKERS. Sam Altman,  OpenAI's chief executive, told The Atlantic last month : 

'' Jobs are definitely going to go away, full stop.''

The American, or even say,  the world workers, whose careers have been upended by automation in recent decades have largely been less educated, especially men working in manufacturing.

But the new kind of automation - artificial intelligence systems called large language models, such as ChatGPT and Bard - is changing that. These tools can rapidly process and synthesize information and generate new content.

THE JOBS MOST EXPOSED to A.I. now are office jobs, those that require more cognitive skills, creativity and high levels of education. The workers affected are more likely to be highly paid, and slightly likelier to be women, a variety of research has found.

'' It's surprised most people, including me,'' said Erik Brynjolfsson, a professor at the Stanford Institute for Human Centered A.I. in California, who had predicted that A.I.creativity and tech skills would insulate people from the effects of automation.

'' To be brutally honest, we had a hierarchy of things that technology could do, and we felt comfortable saying things like creative work, professional work, emotional intelligence would be hard for machines to ever do. Now that's all been upended. ''

A range of new research has analysed the tasks of American workers, using the U.S. Labor Department's O*Net database, and hypothesized which of the skills large language models could handle.

It has found that these models could significantly help with the tasks in one-fifth to one-quarter of occupations. In a majority of jobs, the models could do some of the tasks, found the analyses, including from PEW Research Center and Goldman Sachs.

FOR NOW, the model sometimes produce incorrect information, and are likely to assist workers than replace them, said Pamela Mishkin and Tyna Eloundou, researchers at OpenAI, the company and lab behind ChatGPT.  

They did a similar research, analyzing the 19,265 tasks done in 923 occupations, and found that large language models could do some of the tasks that 80 percent of American workers perform.

YET they also found reason for some workers to fear that large language models could displace them, in line with what Sam Altman, OpenAI's chief executive, told The Atlantic last month : '' Jobs are definitely going to go away, full stop.''

The researchers asked an advanced model of ChatGPT to analyze the O*Net data and determine which tasks large language models could do. It found that 86 jobs were entirely exposed [ meaning every task could be assisted by the tool].

The human researchers said 15 jobs were. The jobs that both the humans and the A.I. agreed was most exposed was mathematician.

Just 4 percent of jobs had zero tasks that could be assisted by the technology, the analysis found.

They included athletes, dishwashers and assistants to carpenters, roofers or painters. Yet tradespeople could use A.I. for parts of their jobs, including scheduling customer service and route optimization, said Mike Bidwell the chief executive of Neighborly, a home service company.

While OpenAI has a business interest in promoting its technology as a boon to workers, other researchers said there were still uniquely human capabilities that were not [yet] able to be automated -such as social skills, teamwork, care work and the skills of tradespeople.

'' We're not going to run out of things for humans to do anytime soon,'' Professor Brynjolfsson said. '' But the things are different : learning how to ask the right questions, really interacting with people, physical work requiring dexterity.''

For now, large language models could help many workers be more productive in their existing jobs, researchers say, akin to giving office workers, even entry-level ones, a chief of staff or a research assistant [ though that could signal trouble for human assistants].

TAKE WRITING CODE : A study of the Github Copilot, an A.I. program  that helps programmers by suggesting code and functions, found that those using it were 56% faster than those doing the same task without it.

The Honour and Serving of the Latest Global Operational Research on A.I., Present and the Future Jobs continues.The World Students Society thanks authors Claire Cain Miller and Courtney Cox.

With respectful dedication to the Global Founder Framers of The World Students Society and then Leaders, Students, Professors and Teachers of the world.

See You all on !WOW! - the exclusive and eternal ownership of every student in the world :  wssciw.blogspot.com and Twitter - !E-WOW! - The Ecosystem 2011 :

Good Night and God Bless

SAM Daily Times - the Voice of the Voiceless


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