Headline, June 08 2022/ ''' '' MIND -BODY- MIST '' '''


''' '' MIND -BODY-

 MIST '' '''

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WILL TYING A.I. TO A BODY make it less threatening? Some argue that a disembodied mind can't learn limits.

WHAT IS THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MIND AND BODY? Maybe the mind is like a videogame controller, moving the body around the world, taking it on joy rides.

Or maybe the body manipulates the mind with hunger, sleepiness and anxiety, something like the way a river steers a canoe. In the mindlike electromagnetic waves, flickering in and out of our light-bulb bodies? Or is the mind a car on the road? A ghost in the machine?

Maybe no metaphor will ever quite fit, because there is no distinction between mind and body : There is just experience, or some kind of physical process, a gestalt.

These questions, agonized over by philosophers for centuries, are gaining new urgency as sophisticated machines with artificial intelligence begin to infiltrate society. Chatbots like OpenAI's GPT-4 and Google's Bard have minds, in some sense :

Trained on vast troves of human language, they have learned how to generate novel combinations of text, images and even videos.

When primed in the right way, they can express desires, beliefs, hopes, intentions, love. They can speak of introspection and doubt, self-confidence and regret.

But some AI researchers say that the technology won't reach true intelligence, or true understanding of the world, until it is paired with a body that can  perceive, react to and feel around its environment. For them, talk of disembodied intelligent minds is misguided - even dangerous.

A.I. that is unable to explore the world and learn its limits, in the ways that children figure out what they can and can't do, could make life threatening mistakes and pursue its goals at the risk of human welfare.

'' The body in a very simple way, is the foundation for intelligent and cautious action,'' said Joshua Bongard, a roboticist at the University of Vermont. '' As far as I can see, this is the only path to safe A.I.''

At a lab in Pasadena, Calif, a small team of engineers has spent the past few years developing one of the first pairings of a large language model with a body : a turquoise robot named Moxie.

About the size of a toddler, Moxie has a tear-drop shaped head, soft hands and green eyes. Inside its hard plastic body is a computer processor that runs the same kind of software as ChatGPT and GPT-4. Moxie's makers, part of a startup called Embodied, describe the device as '' the world's first A.I. robot friend.''

The bot was conceived, in 2017, to help children with developmental disorders practice emotional awareness and communication skills. When someone speaks to Moxie, its processor converts the sound into text and feeds the text into a large language model, which in turn generates a verbal and physical response.

Moxie's eyes can move to console you for the loss of a dog, and it can smile to pump you up for school. The robot also has sensors that take in visual cues and respond to your body language, mimicking and learning from the behavior of people around it.

'' It's almost like this wireless communication between humans,'' said Paolo Pirjanian, a roboticist and the founder of Embodied. '' You literally start feeling it in your body.'' Over time, he said, the robot gets better at this kind of give and take, like a friend getting to know you.

Researchers at Alphabet, Google's parent company, have taken an approach similar to integrating large language models with physical machines.

In March, the company announced the success of a robot they called PaLM-E, which was able to absorb visual features of its environment and information about its own body position.

This allowed the robot to represent where it was in space relative to other things and eventually open a drawer and pick up a bag of chips.

Robots of this kind, experts say, will be able to perform basic tasks without special programming.  They could make you lunch or pick you up from the floor after a bad tumble, all in response to a series of simple commands.

But many researchers doubt that the machines' minds, when structured in this modular way, will ever be truly connected to the physical world - and, therefore, will never be able to display crucial aspects of human intelligence.

The Honour and Serving of the Latest Global Operational Research on Robots and Robotics and the Future, continues. The World Students Society thanks author Oliver Whang.

With most respectful dedication to Mankind, and then Students, Professors and Teachers of the world. See you all prepare for Great Global Elections on The World Students Society - the exclusive ownership of every student in the world :

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