Headline, May 16 2022/ HONOURS : ''' '' NORWAY -E.V.- NOURISH '' '''


 ''' '' NORWAY -E.V.-

 NOURISH '' '''

THE WORLD STUDENTS SOCIETY is the exclusive ownership of every student of Norway - just as it is the exclusive ownership of every student of the world. !Welcome! to !WOW!.

NORWAY EMBRACES ELECTRIC CARS. Already a decade ahead of the U.S. without the many feared disruptions. About two hours south of Oslo, along a highway lined with pine and birch trees, a shiny fueling station offers a glimpse of a future where electric vehicles rule.

Chargers far outnumber gasoline pumps at the service area operated by Circle K, a retail chain that got its start in Texas. During the summer weekends, when Oslo residents flee to country cottages, the line to recharge sometimes backs up down the off-ramp.

Marit Bergsland, who works at the store, has had to learn how to help frustrated customers connect to chargers - in addition to her regular duties flipping burgers and ringing up customer purchases of salty licorice, a popular treat. ''Sometimes we have to give them a coffee to calm down,'' she said.

Last year, 80 percent of new-car sales in Norway were electric, putting the country at the vanguard of the shift to battery-powered mobility. The development has also turned Norway into an observatory for figuring out what the electric vehicle revolution might mean for the environment, workers and life in general. The country will end the sales of internal combustion engine cars in 2025.

Norway's experience suggests that electric vehicles bring benefits without the dire consequences predicted by some critics. There are problems, of course, including unreliable chargers and long waits during periods of high demand.

Auto dealers and retailers have had to adapt. The switch has reordered the auto industry, making Tesla the best selling brand and marginalizing established carmakers like Renault and Fiat.

But the air in Oslo, Norway's capital, is measurably cleaner, the city is also quieter, as the noiser gasoline and diesel vehicles are scrapped. Oslo's greenhouse gas emissions have fallen 30 percent since 2009, yet there has not been mass unemployment among gas station workers and the electrical grid has not collapsed.

Some lawmakers and corporate executives portray the fight against climate change as requiring grim sacrifice. ''With E,V.s, it's not like that,'' said Christina Bu, the secretary general of the Norwegian E.V. Association, which represents owners. ''It's actually something that people embrace.''

Norway began promoting electric vehicles in the 1990s to support Think, a homegrown electric vehicle start-up that Ford Motor owned for a few years. Battery-powered vehicles were exempted from value-added and import taxes and from highway tolls.

The government also subsidized the construction of fast charging stations, crucial in a sprawling country with just 5.5 million people.

The combination of incentives and ubiquitous charging ''took away all the friction factors,'' said Jim Rowan, the chief executive of Volvo Cars, based in neighboring Sweden.

The policies put Norway more than a decade ahead of the United States. The Biden administration aims for 50 percent of new-vehicle sales to be electric by 2030, a milestone Norway passed in 2019.

A few feet from a six-lane highway that skirts Oslo's waterfront, metal pipes
jut from the roof of a prefabricated shed. The building measures pollution from the traffic zooming by, a stone's throw from a bicycle path and a marina.

Levels of nitrogen oxides, byproducts of burning gasoline and diesel that cause smog, asthma and other ailments, have fallen sharply as electric vehicle ownership has risen. ''We're on the verge of solving the NOx problem,'' said Tobias Wolf, Oslo's chief engineer for air quality, referring to nitrogen oxides.

But there is still a problem where the rubber meets the road. Oslo's air has unhealthy levels of microscopic particles generated partly by the abrasion of tires and asphalt.

Electric vehicles, which account for about one-third of the registered vehicles in the city but a higher proportion of traffic, may even aggravate that problem.

''They're really a lot heavier than internal combustion engine cars, and that means that they are causing more abrasion,'' said Mr. Wolf, who like many Oslo residents, prefers to get around on a bicycle.

The Honour and Serving of the Latest Global Operational Research on Electric Vehicles and Climate Change, continues. The World Students Society thanks author Jack Ewing.

With respectful dedication to the Leaders, Scientists, The Global Founder Framers of !WOW!, and then Students, Professors and Teachers of the world.

See Ya'all prepare and nourish for Great Global Elections on The World Students Society : wssciw.blogspot.com and Twitter - !E-WOW! - The Ecosystem 2011 :

Good Night and God Bless

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