Headline, December 14 2022/ ''' '' STUDENTS TUTOR SPECIALS '' '''


 SPECIALS '' '''

NEW CHAT BOTS ARE BRILLIANT. CAN YOU TRUST THEM? They're just so poised to reinvent how we get information, but Artificial Intelligence makes mistakes.

This month, Jeremy Howard, an artificial intelligence researcher, introduced an online chat bot called ChatGPT to his 7-year-old daughter. It had been released a few days earlier by OpenAI, one of the world's most ambitious A.I. labs.

He told her to ask the experimental chat bot whatever came to mind. She asked what trigonometry was good for, where black holes came from and why chickens incubated their eggs. Each time, it answered in clear, well-punctuated prose. When she asked for a computer program that could predict the path of a ball thrown through the air, it gave her that, too.

Over the next few days, Mr. Howard - a data scientist and professor whose work inspired the creation of ChatGPT and similar technologies - came to see that chat bot as a new kind of personal tutor. 

It could teach his daughter math, science and English, not to mention a few other important lessons. Chief among them : Do not believe everything you are told.

''It is a thrill to see her learn like this,'' he said. ''But I also told her : Don't trust everything it gives you. It can make mistakes.''

OpenAI is among the many companies, academic labs and independent researchers working to build more advanced chat bots. These systems cannot exactly chat like a human, but they often seem to. They can also retrieve and repackage information with a speed that humans never could. 

They can be thought of as digital assistants - like Siri or Alexa - they are better at understanding what you are looking for and giving it to you.

After the release of ChatGPT - which has been used by more than a million people - many experts believe these new chat bots are poised to reinvent or even replace internet search engines like Google and Bing.

They can serve up information in tight sentences, rather than long lists of blue links. They explain concepts like in ways that people can understand. And they can deliver facts, while also generating business plans, term paper topics and other new ideas from scratch.

''You now have a computer that can answer any question in a way that can make sense to a human,'' said Aaron Levie, chief executive of of a Silicon Valley company, Box, and one of the many executives exploring the ways these chat bots will change the technological landscape. ''It can extrapolate and take ideas from different contexts and merge them together.

The new chat bots do this with what seems like complete confidence. But they do not always tell the truth. Sometimes, they even fail at simple arithmetic. They blend fact with fiction. And as they continue to improve, people could use them to generate and spread untruths.

Google recently built a system specifically for conversation called LaMDA, or Language Model for Dialogue Applications. This spring, a Google engineer claimed it was sentient. It was not, but it captured the public's imagination.

Aaron Margolis, a data scientist in Arlington, Va., was among the limited number of people outside Google who were allowed to use LaMDA through an experimental Google app, AI Test Kitchen. He was consistently amazed its talent for open-ended conversation.

It kept him entertained. But he warned that it could be a bit of a fabulist - as was to be expected from a system trained from vast amounts of information posted to the internet.

''What it gives you is kind of like an Aaron Sorkin movie,'' he said. Mr. Sorkin wrote. ''The Social Network, '' a movie often criticized for stretching the truth about the origin of Facebook. ''Parts of it will be true, and parts will not be true.''

Google, Meta and other companies are also addressing accuracy issues. Meta removed online preview of its chat bot, Galactica, because it generated incorrect and biased information.

Experts have warned that companies do not control the fate of these technologies. Systems like ChatGPT, LaMDA and Galactica are based on ideas, research papers and computer code that have circulated freely for years.

The Honour and Serving of the latest Global Operational Research on chat bots, research, and future technologies, continues. The World Students Society thanks author Cade Metz.

With respectful dedication to Students, Professors and Teachers of the World. See Ya all prepare and register for great global elections on !WOW! - the exclusive ownership of every student in the world : wssciw.blogspot.com and Twitter - !E-WOW! - The Ecosystem 2011 :

Good Night and God Bless

SAM Daily Times - the Voice of the Voiceless


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