Headline, October 01 2021/ ''' '' THE REGULATIONS TAP '' ''' : DIGITAL


 TAP '' ''' : DIGITAL


ON THE WORLD STUDENTS SOCIETY - ACROSS THE WORLD - The Global Founder Framers rise and honour total freedom of expression. These great global heroes are forever - ''a guarantee of virtues in Mankind's life.''

So, I state : '' Fear Only Your Lord - the creator of Heavens and Earth - and your conscience, and the honor and the responsibility of what you owe to Mankind and the future generations. Do the right and fear none. May Almighty God bless you all!. Ameen! ''

In recent history, as early as 1848, the French revolution laid the foundations of enlightenment through the notions of ''liberty'', ''equality'' and fraternity''. Enlightenment gave impetus to new ideas, discoveries, learning, innovation, and progress.

In the present world, the US Constitution confirms the provisions of liberty in the country. It states, ''We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union..... and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves, and our posterity, do ordain and establish the Constitution for the United States of America.

Similarly, Article 10 of the Human Rights Act in the UK protects the right to hold one's own opinions and express them freely without the government interference. This includes the right to express your views through public demonstrations or through published articles, books, art, television or radio broadcasting, and social media.

IN 2016 XU YUYU - A PROSPECTIVE STUDENT - died of a heart attack after transferring her life savings to fraudsters who used personal data purchased on the black market to trick her into thinking they represented her university.

Digital regulation : Codified crackdown as China is becoming a laboratory for the regulation of digital technology.

WITH FOREIGN competitors such as Facebook and Google blocked, domestic giants have for two decades dominated the Chinese market. The Communist Party has kept a firm grip on politics, but the tech firms have had considerable leeway in their business activities.

'' It was a Wild West within an authoritarian system,'' says Martin Chorzempa of the Petersen Institute, an American think-tank.

Now the Communist Party is reminding internet billionaires who is boss. President Xi Jinping has authorised an extraordinary crackdown, Last year the planned IPO of Ant Group, a giant internet finance company, was halted at the last moment.

In July, two days after Didi , a ride-hailing firm went public in New York, China's internet regulator ordered it to stop signing up new users, and forced its apps off mobile stores. The city of Beijing on September 6th denied reports that it is considering taking Didi under state control.

Video-game companies are being pushed into scanning their users' faces to help enforce a ban on children playing online games for more than three hours a week. The crackdown has shifted the balance, says Mr. Chorzempa. ''Now technocrats who have been frustrated for years that companies ignore, proper sensible regulations are empowered.''

The party is pushing for more than superficial change. It is using a suite of new laws and regulations to force tech firms to alter both their behaviour and their products. The aim is to control what Chinese people see and do online.

The new rules will require tech firms to write code for their platforms so that they promote content that the government likes, and inhibit what it does not.

This is likely to be more efficient than the whack-a-mole approach of enforcing the party's will case by case, and plausible at a scale that the labour-intensive approach of trying to control technological systems directly would not be.

In the past month alone Chinese lawmakers have finalised at least four new laws and regulations which, as they go into effect over the next three months, will have the potential to reshape the Chinese internet.

Technology regulations in other countries and regions, such as Europe's General data protection Regulation [GDPR], mostly require companies to obtain their customers' consent for the specific processing of their data.

China's new rules are much stricter and more wide-ranging. Tech firms will be expected to protect national security and public order, says Nicolas Bhamanyar, a data-privacy consultant with Leaf, a law firm in Beijing. ''A little banner id not going to cut it,'' he adds.

A Personal Information Protection Law [ PIPL ], China's first privacy law, comes into effect on November 1st. Years in the making, it is much shorter and detailed than GDPR, which inspired it, laying out principles that are both broad and intentionally vague.

Details and future interpretations are to be dealt with by regulations particular to certain industries or technologies. This, says Mr. Brahmanyar, allows regulation to keep pace with fast changing technology. It also gives the government leeway to enforce vague rules as it sees fit.

Didi was hit by rules brought in to govern companies whose digital services are seen as critical infrastructure. These were rewritten to cover foreign listings just as the firm was attempting to go public.

Not all new laws will worry investors as much as the ones used to clobber Didi. Some deal with the problems that affect the West, too. One forthcoming set of regulations published in draft on August 27th by the Cyberspace Administration of China [ CAC ] looks to set the rules for the use of recommendation algorithms.

This is the sort of software companies like Amazon and Alibaba use to recommend products based on customer's shopping history, or that short-video apps use to work out what viewers like in order to give them more of it.

The Honor and Serving of the Latest Global Operational Research on Digital Regulations and The-State-Of-The-World, continues into the future. The World Students Society thanks the author : The Economist, and Dr. Syed Akhtar Ali Shah, a PhD in Political Science.

With respectful dedication to Digital Users of China, and then users the world over and Students, Professors and Teachers of the world. See Ya all prepare and register for Great Global Elections on The World Students Society : wssciw.blogspot.com and Twitter - !E-WOW! - The Ecosystem 2011 :

Good Night and God Bless

SAM Daily Times - the Voice of the Voiceless


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