Headline, February 20 2021/ ''' '' [ LIBYANS ] -CIVIL WAR- LIGHTINGS '' '''

''' '' [ LIBYANS ] -CIVIL



ON THE WORLD STUDENTS SOCIETY - there is everything to mourn about the students of Libya. It now seems, that even the Libyans struggle and long for some kind of an end, to decade of merciless chaos and total sufferings.

STUDENTS OF LIBYA : FLUTTERING FLAGS and ornamental lights in red, white and green went up on buildings and lampposts around the Libyan capital - Tripoli - this month to mark the 10th anniversary of the uprising that toppled its dictator.

There seemed to be reason to celebrate : After a decade of fighting and instability, a new interim government had been formed, - one promising to unify the country and hold democratic elections by years end.

Outside the banks, where some customers were waiting in six-hour lines to claim their salaries, at gas stations, where fuel was only intermittently available, and in the Tripoli suburb of Ain Zara, where Ahmed al-Gammoudi lived without electricity for two months last year the festive lights seemed little more than mockery.

''I've heard all this talk about elections for eight years, and nothing has changed except we're getting older,'' said Mr. al Ghammoudi, 31, who works 14-hour shifts at a Tripoli cafe to finance repairs to his house, which was damaged during the Libya's civil war.

''Every year the situation gets worse, and every government that comes says that it won't be more than two years before we hold elections, but what happens is the exact opposite. The only that happens is war.

His cynicism is rooted in experience.

Since the ouster of its dictator - Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi, during the Arab Spring revolts that swept the Middle East a decade ago, the students of Libya have seen their hopes for change and greater freedoms descend into a cycle of diplomatic progress followed by stalemate followed by war - and, through it all, profound misery for Libyan themselves.

But diplomats and analysts say the government created by United Nations brokered talks in Geneva this month, while no guarantee of peace or stability, represents a breakthrough.

Negotiated by 74 politicians, power brokers and representatives from Libya's many regional factions and tribes, the transitional government is intended to be the next step toward uniting oil-and-gas-rich country after an October cease-fire in its civil war.

Until a few months ago, it would have been difficult to imagine this group convening to vote for new leadership, said Claudia Gazzini, a Libya specialist at the International Crises Group, a Brussels-based conflict resolution organization.

The provisional government has also managed to claim endorsements, whether lukeworm or robust, from most of the major players in Libya's tangle of political cliques, business interests, geographical rivals and foreign powers.

''I wouldn't have bet a cent on this U.N. dialogue forum,'' she said, recalling how previous attempts had blown up as a result of foreign spoilers or squabbles between Libyan factions.

''But we haven't seen these aggressive reactions and that's why I say all these factors together bode well. It might not all work out, but as long as we're not going to have an immediate military response, it's all good news.''

In part, the cautious acceptance has to do with Abdul Hamad Dbeiba, the man chosen, after after a surprise vote, to serve as interim prime minister.

''Dbeiba, just the family name, leaves a bad taste in Libyans' mouths,'' said Tarek Megeriisi, a Libya analyst at the European Council on Foreign Relations.

To many Libyan students, these are distant concerns. What matters to them are the rogue militias who all but control the capital, electrical blackouts, hospitals strained by the coronavirus and lack of medicines, and the rising prices of basics including, rice, milk and tomato paste.

In some places, gasoline can be found only on the black market; in nearly all, owning to liquidity crisis, hours-long lines stretch out at the bank's every day.

Outside a Tripoli bank one day last week, where the lines were dozens of customers including students -were long and some had been waiting for six hours to withdraw cash, there was very little hope that this year would prove any different.

''Many governments have come and gone, and all of them at first pledge to improve the situation,'' said Amina Drahami, 42, who was waiting to withdraw her father's salary for him.

''But you can see the situation in front of you for yourself. And these crisis have been going on for years.''

The Sadness of the Publishing on Civil Wars and State of the World, continues. The World Students Society thanks authors Vivian Yee and Mohammed Abdusamee.

With respectful dedication to the Leaders, Students, Professors and Teachers of Libya, and then the world. See Ya all prepare and register for Great Global Elections on The World Students Society : wssciw.blogspot.com and Twitter - !E-WOW! - The Ecosystem 2011 :

''' Secure Scenes '''

Good Night and God Bless

SAM Daily Times - the Voice of the Voiceless


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