Headline, April 14 2019/ ''' '' THE SUPERINTELLIGENT TOR '' '''


 TOR '' '''

WHAT IF A SUPERINTELLIGENT CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM, operating on a global scale is given the job of restoring :

Carbon dioxide concentrations to preindustrial levels, decides the solution is to reduce human population to ZERO?

More on that later, as we return, first, say to the Capital Markets.

THE JOB OF CAPITAL MARKETS IS TO PROCESS information so that savings flow to the best projects and firms.

That makes high finance sound simple; in reality its dynamic and intoxicating. It reflects a changing world.

IN THE PAST DECADE OR SO - COMPUTERS HAVE graduated to running portfolios. Exchange-traded funds [ETFS] and natural funds automatically track indices of shares and bonds.

Just so recently these very vehicles has $4.3 trillion invested in American equities, exceeding the sums actively run humans for the first time.

A strategy known as smart-beta isolates a statistical characteristic - volatility, say - and loads up on securities that inhibit it.

An elite of  quantitative hedge funds, most of them on America's east coast, uses complex black-box  mathematics to  invest some $1 trillion. As machines prove themselves in equities and derivatives, they are growing in debt markets, too.

THE ARRIVAL OF SUPERHUMAN MACHINE INTELLIGENCE will be the biggest event in human history : !WOW!.

The world's great powers finally waking up to this fact and the world's largest corporations have known it for sometime.

But what they may not fully understand is that how A.I. evolves with determine whether this event is also our last.

The problem is not the science-fiction plot that preoccupies Hollywood and the media - the humanoid robot that spontaneously becomes conscious and decides to hate humans. Rather, it is the creation of machines that can draw on more information and look further into the future than humans can, exceeding our capacity for decision making in the real world.

To understand how and why this could lead to serious problems, we must first go back to the basic building blocks of most A.I. systems.

The  ''standard model'' in A.I, borrowed from philosophical and economic notions of rationale behavior, looks like this :
''Machines are intelligent to the extent that their actions can be expected to achieve their objectives.''

Because machines, unlike humans have no objective of their own, we give them objective to achieve. In other words, we build machines, feed objectives into them, and off they go. The more intelligent the machine, the more likely it is to complete that objective.

This model recurs throuightout society, not just A.I. Control engineers design autopilots to minimize deviations from level flight; statisticians design algorithms that reduce prediction errors; retailers choose store locations that will maximize shareholders return; and governments make policy choices to accelerate G.D,P. growth.

Unfortunately, this standard model is a mistake.

It makes no sense to design machines that are beneficial to us only if we write down our objectives completely and correctly, because if we insert the wrong objective into the machine and it is more intelligent than us, we lose.

Until recently, we avoided the potential serious consequences of poorly designed objectives only because our A.I. technology was not especially smart and it was mostly confined to the lab.

Now, however, even the relatively simple learning algorithm for social media, which optimizes clicks by manipulating preferences, have been disastrous for democratic systems because they are pervasive in the real world.

The effects of a superintelligent algorithm operating on a global scale could be far more severe.

What if a superintelligent climate control system, given the job of restoring carbon dioxide  concentrations to preindustrial levels, believes the solution is to reduce the human population to zero?

The Honor and Serving of the Latest Global Operational Research and Thinking on superintelligent  systems, continues. The World Students Society thanks author Stuart Russel and ''The Economist''.

With respectful dedication to the Scientists, Students, Professors and Teachers of the World.

See Ya all prepare and register for Great Global Elections on The World Students Society : wssciw.blogspot.com and Twitter - !E-WOW! - The Ecosystem 2011:

''' Uniform-Universe '''

Good Night and God Bless

SAM Daily Times - the Voice of the Voiceless


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