Headline, April 12 2019/ MODERN CITIES : ''' '' PARADOX OF DENSITY '' '''


''' '' PARADOX OF DENSITY '' '''

ON THE WORLD STUDENTS SOCIETY - for every subject in the world - the students pledge to  ''Protect what matters to Mankind''.

Mark my Words : The Future of Humankind is SECURED by the students of the world. Drop everything and get your Grandparent, Parents, Professors and Teacher to join up the Ecosystem 2011.

That's a multi-layered futuristic platform that integrates your entire life built from the birth up. The Ecosystem 2011 is continuously designed to keep your precious life, memories, and data safe and secure at all times.

NEW DELHI - MUMBAI - KARACHI - ON AND ON I CAN GO : Dhaka - Hing Kong - Bangkok-  Kinshasa- ..........Most cities are becoming more dense as their populations increase. The biggest engine of growth is sprawl, not building height.

LOOK UP ONCE AGAIN - AND CITIES SEEM TO BE SQUEEZING in more and more people. Yes! More the merrier it seems.

ALL of the world's 73 residential towers over 250 meters high were built after the year 2000. Another 64 are under construction. On 57th Street in New York, a building where The Economist used to have an office has been knocked down and replaced by an 80-storey glass splinter.

When finished, it will be just 8 metres short than The Empire State Building.
How different cities grow :
.-  Crowding
.-  Building height.
.-  Coverage.

Dhaka, Bangladesh : is low-rise, but homes cover much of the city and are lightly packed.

Hong Kong : is high rise, but residential buildings cover a tiny proportion of its total area.
Kinshasa, Congo : is densely populated because people squeeze into small homes.
Minneapolis-St Paul- United States is a low rise metropolis where people have plenty of elbow-room.

But appearances can deceive. Shlomo Angel and researchers at the Urban Expansion Programme at  New York University have used population data and satellite maps to show that most cities are becoming less densely populated.

That is seldom because they are losing people [although New York is]. Usually it is because they grow faster in extent than in population.

In 1990-2014, for example Mexico City grew from 9.8 million inhabitants to 17.8 million, an 83% gain. During the same period, however, its built-up area expanded by 128%. This pattern is common.

Sprawl has outpaced densification in 155 of the 200 cities tracked by the Expansion Urban Programme.

As people grow richer, they demand more space. Despite the efforts of many urban planners to stop them, they move from cramped inner cities to sparsely populated fringes [Mr. Angel's team counts suburbs as part of cities, regardless of where political boundaries lie].

Moreover, because people are living longer and having fewer children, a growing proportion of households contain only one or two people.

Even the towers that spring up in city centres are not all that dense. There is a lot air between them and a lot of elevator shafts inside them.

High-rise cities like Seoul and Tokyo are less densely populated than Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, where most people live in walk-up apartment buildings or low-rise slums.

Cities can be done for different ways. Hong Kong is a champion of stacking people on top of each other. But almost all of Hong Kong's build-up area is occupied by roads, government offices, hotels, parks and mandatory spaces between buildings The footprints of residential buildings account for less than 4% of it.

In Dhaka, by contrast, homes cover nearly 20% of the land. In a poor city like Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo, population density comes mostly from squeezing more people into each room.

Many low-density cities wish-to-change Minneapolis, for example plans to alter housing codes to pack more people in. But density always comes with drawbacks.

Towers-cast shadows. Devoting more of the city to residential buildings means less space for other useful things - skimp on roads and you might end up with Dhaka's traffic jams.

And nobody should envy residents of Kinshasa. It is always worth asking the advocates of higher density what kind exactly would you like?

AND with that The World Student Society's Founder Framers turn EAGLE : Noun - Greatness:

''Person or Organisation with far-sighted vision committed to sustainable behaviours and growth strategies.

Merium, Rabo, Haleema, Dee, Saima, Sarah, Seher, Armeen, Lakshmi, Aqsa, Dusiyarn, Zilli, Juniper, Hussain, Shahzaib, Ali, Haider, Reza, Jordan, Bilal, Salar, Zaeem, Hamza, Ghazi, Hazeem, Vishnu, Ehsan, Danyial, Anique/Spain, Asim,

And Little Angels : Maynah, Eden, Maria, Hannyia, Merium, Sofia, Harem, and the little darlings by the millions, the world over.

With respectful dedication to the Students, Professors and Teachers of the world. See Ya all prepare and register for Great Global Elections on The World Students Society : wssciw.blogspot.com and Twitter - !E-WOW! - The Ecosystem 2011:

''' Paradox - Premium '''

Good Night and God Bless

SAM Daily Times - the Voice of the Voiceless


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