Headline, February 23 2019/ '' ' SCIENTISTS -VACCINES- SOLUTIONS ' '' : ONE YEAR




THE WORLD STUDENTS SOCIETY RISES AND ASSURES President Xi Jinping and the great people of China of our very best wishes and understanding in eradicating this deadly virus.

The world is awed by how quickly and forcefully the Chinese government can mobilize resources  and build infrastructure.

But what one can't understand is : why no researchers and scientists from the Developing World, are at hand in China, to understand and learn from China's response.

WITH EACH NEW OUTBREAK - SCIENTISTS typically have to start from a scratch. After the  SARS outbreak in 2003, it took researchers about 20 months from the release of the viral genome to get a vaccine ready for human trials.

By the time an epidemic caused by the Zika virus occurred in 2015, researchers had brought the timeline down to six months. Now they hope the joint efforts will cut the time in half.

IN the early days of January, as cases of a strange pneumonia like illness were reported in China, researchers at the National Institutes of Health in Maryland readied themselves to hunt for a vaccine to prevent the new disease.

They had clues that a coronavirus, similar to the ones that caused the SARS outbreak in 2003 and MERS in 2012, was the culprit.

Dr. Barney Graham, deputy director of the Vaccine Research Center at the National Institutes of Health, urged government scientists in China to share the genetic makeup of the virus so his team could begin its race to develop a vaccine.

On Friday. Jan, 10, the Chinese scientists posted the information on a public database. The next morning, Dr. Graham's team was in the lab. And within hours they had pinpointed the letters of the  genetic code that could be used to make a vaccine.

Scientists in Australia and three American companies - Johnson & Johnson, Moderna Therapeutics and Inovio Pharmaceuticals - are also working on vaccine candidates to stop the spread of the disease, which has infected thousands of people and even killed in thousands.

Inovio received a grant of up to $9 million to develop a coronavirus vaccine from the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations, a group whose aim is to speed vaccines to market. Moderna, which is working with Dr. Graham's team at the  National Institutes of Health, received a similar grant, as did the researchers at the University of Queensland in Australia.

Historically vaccines have been one of the greatest public health tools to prevent disease.

But even as new technology, advancement genomics and improved global coordination have allowed researchers to move at unprecedented speed, vaccine development remains an expensive and risky process.

It takes months and even years, because the vaccine must undergo extensive testing in animals and humans. In the best case it takes at least a year - and most likely longer - for any vaccine to become available to the public.

''They may not help in the very early stages of an outbreak, but if we're able to develop vaccines in time, they will be an asset late,'' said Rchard Hatchett, the chief executive of the epidemic preparedness coalition.

The morning after the Chinese published their data earlier this month, Dr. Graham's team got to work checking the sequence and comparing it what they already had for SARS and MERS.

They wanted to focus on the spike protein, which forms the crown of the cornavirus and recognizes receptors, or entry points, on a host cell.

''If you can block the spike protein from binding to a cell, then you've effectively prevented an infection,'' said Kizzmekia Corbett, the scientific lead for Dr for Dr. Graham's coronavirus team.

The Honor and Serving of this latest Global Operational thinking and research on Coronavirus, continues. The World Students Society thanks authors Knvul Sheikh and Katie Thomas.

With respectful dedication to the Leaders, Students, Professors and Teachers of the world.

See Ya all prepare and register for Great Global Elections on The World Students Society :  wssciw.blogspot.com & Twitter - !E-WOW! - The Ecosystem 2011:

''' Virus & Tolls '''

Good Night and God Bless

SAM Daily Times - the Voice of the Voiceless


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