Headline, December 13 2019/ '' 'TECHNOLOGY -MEDICAL- RESEARCH- TEMPLATES' ''



IN 1978, THE HARVARD SCHOOL of Public Health and two-other major medical institutions started a study on nurses -

That has become one of the largest and longest research efforts ever conducted on women's health.

They have so far enrolled more than 275,000 participants.

Now, the Harvard school is embarking on even more ambitious women's health study, one that aims to enroll a million women over a decade.

APPLE'S INVOLVEMENT IN THE RESEARCH STUDIES is the latest example of how the biggest tech companies are edging their way into the $3.5 trillion health care market in the United States. 

The companies are making inroads in medicine in part by exploiting their scale, along with the technologies that have helped them dominate markets like cloud computing, search, productivity tools and consumer apps.

Microsoft recently began testing an artificial intelligence system for hospitals that records, transcribes and analyzes doctor-patient conversations.

Google is working with hospitals to analyze millions of patents medical records in the hopes of identifying patients to improve diagnosis and treatments.

Apple is striking out in a different direction. The company has organised health and wellness start-ups and hired prominent medical researchers.

It has made health marketing points of its devices.

Last year, it introduced an electro-cardiogram app on the Apple Watch Series-4. This year it introduced menstrual cycle tracking and hearing health services for the iPhone and watch.     

So, Apple's tools are enabling large scale virtual studies that can follow people as they go about their daily lives.

The company has developed a research app for iPhones - which participants can download from its app store - that is helping researchers quickly and easily recruit hundreds of thousands of study volunteers.

Researchers at Stanford Medicine, who studied whether an app on the Apple Watch could detect an irregular heartbeat condition, were able to enroll more than 400,000 participants in just eight months.

Apple helped recruit volunteers by promoting the study, which was published last month, in its app store and emailing customers who has bought Apple Watches.

Dr. Ethan Weiss, an associate professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco, said he thought there would be many more of these so called virtual studies, partly because they reduce the burden and costs compared with in-person studies.

He noted, however, that doctors did not yet know whether monitoring people en masse through smartphones and consumer-wearable devices would significantly improve health outcomes.

''This is the big question. Is this 'so what'? Or are we going to learn something meaningful we don't know yet?''

Michelle A. Williams, the dean of T.H.Chan School of Public Health at Harvard, said she hoped the new study of women, announced last month and called the Apple Women's Health Study, would enable researchers to learn much more about how women's bodies and reproductive health change over time.

Through surveys, she said, women participating in the study may choose to provide qualitative information about their menstrual cycles, pregnancies, menopause and other health issues.

Through the study's app, they may also choose to automatically share fitness, heart rate and other quantitative data gathered by their iPhones or Apple Watches.

But there are also some concerns that Apple, which has already shaped how people live,  communicate and entertain themselves, is pursuing yet another way to influence society, this time through health.

''The broader point here is the fact that Apple has control over the store, that Apple has connections with all of the people that have Apple iPhones, and that-

Apple gets to make a lot of decisions about how you collect the data, about how to notify people to be a part of the study,'' said Matt Syoller, the author of a new book. ''Goliath : The 100 Year War Between Monopoly Power and Democracy.''

Whatever, the potential health benefits, he said. ''It's still an extraordinary concentration of power in Apple's hands.''

The Honor and Serving of the latest Global Operational Research on Technology and Medical Research, continues The World Students Society thanks author Natasha Singer.

With respectful dedication to the Medical Researchers, Scientists, Apple, Microsoft, Google and then, Students, Professors and Teachers of the world.

See Ya all prepare and register for Great Global Elections on The World Students Society : wssciw.blogspot.com - every subject in the world and Twitter - !E-WOW! - the Ecosystem 2011:

''' Medicine & Mystery '''

Good Night and God Bless

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