SOCIAL mobility can be explained as ''movement'' of individuals, families or households within the same socioeconomic level or across strata., inter -intra-generational.

The movement depicts a change in socioeconomic status relative to where one is currently socially placed. Mobility is mostly described quantitatively implying that the measure is in terms of change in personal economics, be it income or wealth.

As the inequality increased globally, social mobility emerged as an alternative measure of social fairness. 

Interestingly, in different regions the extents to which individuals are allowed to move their positions depends on several factors, as no two societies allow or discourage the same amount or rate of movement, and that mobility is not as common or easy to achieve as many assume.

Across many countries, successive governments have put social mobility high on their public policy agenda with a theoretic aim of each generation being better off than the one before.

This however, is failing to be realised as the reality of equal life chances remain distant. The truth is that policies promising development are still inadequate in addressing challenges to social mobility.

Since social mobility is viewed in economic terms the determinants may include a lack of equal opportunities, trends in labour market, and productivity and economic unrest.

It is, however, mandatory to understand that social mobility is a complex and multifaceted concept with a range of overlapping factors that determine going up [or down] the social ladder. And the factors may not always be structurally categorized or reduced solely to economics.

In order to fully enable upward mobility among those at the lower end of the stratum and reducing inequality, governments ought to implement policies which facilitate the importance of ''individual'', ''human'' and psycho-social factors.

More than external factors such as education or area-based influencers, which appear to combine with and perpetuate socio-economic disadvantages to prevent people from exercising effective choices, the human factor permits upward mobility as can be seen by stories of those who built their lives from nothing.

Special attention should be given to individual traits like psychology, competence and work ethic. Internal strengths such as people, their ideas and ability to organise them, motivation to compete and win, augment mobility prospects.

More than economic conditions, failure threatening anxiety and low self esteem come in the the way of success.

All members in today's global society dream of improving their life conditions. However, those who do nothing to change their lives and are filled with dread of leaving their usual mode of life, are unable to benefit from economic prospects and well-being.

The honor and serving of the latest research and writings on Social Mobility, continues. The World Students Society thanks author and researcher Sana Malik, a criminologist from UK with expertise in ''Crimes against Women.''


Post a Comment

Grace A Comment!