Headline August 23, 2019/ '' ' IRON CURTAIN'S IRATE ' ''


 ''O'' LORD ALMIGHTY GOD  - THE CREATOR OF UNIVERSE - Heavens and Earth and the hereafter:

 ''Give the students the fearlessness, the liberty to know, to utter and to argue  freely, according to their conscience, above all  liberties.''
And that is more than 99% of John Milton for you all!

''O'' World! : O'' President Donald Trump, O'' Captain, Imran Khan, and O''Prime Minister Narendra  Modi, and O'' leaders of the entire world, Sires All :

O' Sunil Gavasker, Navjot Sidhu, Kapil Dev, Amitabh Bachan, Sires All''..............

The students of the entire world wish to know and pose just one single question: 

''Will Pakistan and India ever get past their troubled history?'' 'Will the entire world ever get past its troubled history?'

'Nobody Though It Would  Go So Fast' : Hungary's ex-PM  Recalls The Fall Of ''Iron Curtain''

WHEN HUNGARY'S FORMER LEADER Miklos Nemeth first started poking a hole through the  iron curtain in 1989, he had no idea how quickly his action would contribute to the fall of Berlin Wall and the end of communism in central and eastern Europe.

In all exclusive interview with AFP, Nemeth tells the story of his role in one of the 20th century's pivotal events :
How a simple plan to dismantle a fence on the Austrian border led to a secret pact with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev that brought tears to the eyes of German chancellor Helmut Kohl.

Their high-risk gamble allowed thousands of East Germans to flee to the West as the world watched, sparking a chain reaction that would bring down the Berlin Wall and prompt a wave of revolutions in Soviet Eastern Bloc : nations.

What led you to start dismantling the Iron Curtain?

Speaking on his property near Balaton lake, where he grew fruit trees, the 71-year-old economist and former prime minister recalled that the border fence between communist Hungary and democratic Austria in 1988 ''was an outdated, old system, Soviet-built''.

''So the border authorities asked us to decide its fate at the highest political level, presenting us with these options :
Modernise it: completely rebuild it with modern technology, including from the West; or dismantle it and solve the border surveillance completely differently.

''The border authorities were in favor of the third option. Complete demolition and reconstruction would have cost an immense sum, and we didn't have money for that.

''As early as November 1988, I removed the cost of partial renovation from the December budget, I too believed in the third option.
''Most of all, I was guided by the considerations principle. The fence was an anachronism. Let's not forget that Vienna and Budapest had jointly applied for the 1992 World Expo.

What message would be sending the world?

I imagined the effect the barbed wire fence would have on Japanese or South Korean tourists  needing to cross the border to go from Vienna and Budapest.

''It was also in our interest, the reform countries, Poland and Hungary, to weaken the base of the old, truly orthodox communist regimes. So there was an also an ideological reason.

''At the end of January or early February 1989, I informed the Austrian Cjancellor Franz Vranitzky that the border fence would be demolished.''

In March, I went to see Gorbachev to discuss several important points, including the presence of some 100,000 Soviet soldiers and missiles pointing to France and Italy.

''I also informed him of the [Hungarian] central committee's decision to organize multi-party elections. So amongst all this, I also mentioned to him that we would demolish the fence, and there would no longer any fence at the Austrian-Hungarian border.

How did Gorbachev respond?

''He reacted to it by saying : 'I see no problem with this. As long as the border is guarded, it is your responsibility,' Now that sentence was key phrase.

''I also asked him ; What would you do, Mikhail, if the elections in Hungary lead to a new government that won't sympathize with you at all?

What are you going to do with these 100,000 soldiers and those nuclear missiles?'

''Mikhail tapped on his armchair and said :
''As long as you see me in this chair, 1956 [when the Soviet army brutally suppressed a revolution in Hungary] will never happen again'.

''Well, for me, this was clearly the death of the Brezhnev doctrine'' of former Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev, which limited the independence of Eastern Bloc states.

''He simply asked me not to say a word about any of it, not even to the Hungarian political committee.

We shook hands on that.

''I did, however tell him I needed a gesture from him, to withdraw sizable contingent of soldiers. This happened around April 25/26, 1989, when some 100,000 Soviet soldiers were withdrawn.

''This man asked me to trust him, and from trust comes trust.''

''Throughout the course of 1989, I watched this man to see whether he would fail or not. If he were overthrown, there might be a hard-line turn.

''In the airplane on the way home [after meeting Gorbachev], one of my close associates noted that if I had said the same thing to Moscow just 5 or ten years ago, our plane would not be headed home but to Siberia.

''I said yes, this is in fact a new era, and this has to be exploited.''

The Honor and Serving of the Latest Global Operational Research on History and ''Iron Curtain''. continues. The World Students Society thanks Agencies.

With respectful dedication to the Leaders, Students, Professors and Teachers of Hungary, Poland, and all of the Eastern Europe, and then the world.

See Ya all on Facebook, prepare and register for Great Global Elections on The World Students Society : wssciw.blogspot.com and Twitter - !E-WOW! - the Ecosystem 2011:

''' Future & Hopes '''

Good Night and God Bless

SAM Daily Times - the Voice of the Voiceless


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