Headline July 09, 2019/ '' 'TEHRAN'S MUSICAL TREATISE' ''


THE US WALKED AWAY - from the deal a year ago, instead embarking on a ''maximum pressure''    campaign against Iran, including unprecedented economic sanctions.  

The sanctions have hurt ordinary Iranians, sending prices for staples and consumer goods soaring and weakening the local currency, while raising the specter of war with the U.S.

For Tehran music lovers, events like last Wednesday's concert on the main national stage next to the  Russian Embassy offers a momentary escape from some hard bitter realities.......................

AFICIONADOS OF WESTERN CLASSICAL MUSIC have carved out a niche for themselves in Iran, where cultural expression remains tightly controlled by strict rules imposed after the 1979 Islamic revolution.

And perhaps surprisingly, musicians in their 20s and 30s perform for overwhelmingly young audiences.

This week, the Tehran Symphony Orchestra, including female musicians in burgundy headscarves on cello, horn and harp, played works by 19-century Russian composers for an enraptured crowd in the capital's main concert venue, Vahdat Hall.

A major draw is Shardad Rohani, 65, the orchestra's charismatic music director. The Iranian-American composer, musician and conductor who has led orchestra in the US and Europe, said he is proud of his homegrown crop of young musicians.

Classical music may not have mass appeal, but Rohani said in a backstage interview that there's potential for growth, citing a large turnout during a stadium concert last year in Abadan, a provincial city in southwestern Iran.

''Classical music is growing, and as you see, the audience, they are really supporting the arts and classical music,'' he told The Associated Press during the intermission on Wednesday's sold-out concert.

In four decades of conservative rule, the space for artistic expression in Iran has expanded or contracted, depending on whether political hard-liners or moderates prevail.

In the first decade after the Islamic Revolution, including the eight-year war with Iraq, pop music disappeared from the public sphere, said Nima Mina of the School of Oriental and African Studies at the University of London.

The Tehran Symphony Orchestra, founded in 1933, continued its work after 1979, he said. Live  performances were initially rare, but have increased in number since the 1990s.

Even during periods of eased controls, red lines are enforced. This includes a ban on female singers performing for mixed audiences, considered ''haram'' or religiously forbidden. 

In February, female guitarist Negin Persa sang a solo during a concert by pop singer Hamid Askari. The authorities cut her microphone, and Askari's permission to perform was briefly suspended.

A music cafe in downtown Tehran complies with the ban on female singers during live shows, but not when playing records. On a recent afternoon, a blues recording featuring soulful female vocalist played in the background, as customers sipped coffee and smoked cigarettes.

''Authorities rarely challenge the playing of recorded music in the cafe, and mainly argue abut the hijab issue,'' said waitress Nillofar Dallami, 29, referring to the headscarf all Iranian women are required to wear.

Dailimai also professed a love for classical music as a result of her study of guitar.

These days, the influence of hard-liners appear on the upswing again as moderates find themselves on the defensive because of the seeming collapse of the 2015 nuclear deal they negotiated with world powers.

''It is little moments that build up your life in the end,'' said Shafa Sebeti, a 20-year-old architect  whose business has suffered as the result of the  economic downturn suffered linked to the US sanctions.

''Public spaces have gotten more crowded recently. People are just living the moment - maybe it's some coping mechanism.'' YET  tensions and fears of escalation are a ''major big black cloud hovering over the country,'' he said.

Wednesday' concert featured works by Russian composers Alexander barodin, Sergey Rachmaninov and  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov.

The audience was entranced.

The Honor and Serving of the latest Global Operational Research on Iran continues in to the future. The World Students Society thanks research authors, at the Agencies.

With respectful dedication to the Leaders of Iran, Grandparents, Parents, Students, Professors and Teachers, and then the world.

See Ya all on Facebook,  prepare and register for  Great Global Elections on  The  World  Students  Society : wssciw.blogspot.com and........  Twitter-!E-WOW! - the  Ecosystem 2011:

''' The Classical Tehran '''

Good Night and God Bless

SAM Daily Times - the Voice of the Voiceless


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