Headline June 22, 2019/ '' 'VISIONARY -CARBON- VERNIERS' ''



O' CAPTAIN IMRAN KHAN - the revered Prime Minister of Pakistan, is one miracle that happened to the great and proud nation, Pakistan.

''You all, every single citizen of Pakistan, ought to keep reminding himself of this happening, and help the great man through.

And with that I turn and address, His Excellency The Prime Minister of Pakistan: : O '' Captain Imran Khan

''O''Captain, Sir, don't ever forget that Pakistan currently has a small ''net'' population growth rate of 2.1 percent. This means that every 33 years the population will double, and then double again and again.''

If continued, by this century end's Pakistan population will exceed that of Europe, Canada, Australia, New Zealand combined. This shocking piece of math is something that no government or its ministers, dare discuss. The ministry of population planning was abolished years ago.

The World Students Society stops to thank Professor Dr. Parvez Hoodbhoy and assure him that the Students of Proud Pakistan who have the greatest of regard and respect for his distinguished all-round accomplishments, will always remember.

Ocean Based Climate Solutions has created a device that stirs up water in the ocean to promote the growth of phytoplankton, which are algae that that can take carbon dioxide out of the air and deliver  to the bottom of the sea in solid form.

Noah Deich, the founder of Carbon180, a nonprofit organization that sponsored the event, said it was encouraging to see investors there. But he said he had not seen the commitment to investing that he believed was necessary to get the technology working.

''For an Internet company, even if you don't have a real product, you can get money to develop one,'' he said. ''Here, it's the opposite.''

The start-ups face a fundamental challenge : carbon dioxide is plentiful, but it lacks the chemical energy that makes fossil fuels and other materials useful for generating power.

So far, no one has found an obvious way to to turn capturing carbon dioxide into a profitable business. 

MANY OF THE START-UPS at the San Francisco event are trying to use greenhouse gases to produce valuable chemicals like fertilizers and biofuels..

But it is significantly cheaper to produce those chemicals with processes that emit rather than  eliminate greenhouse gasses.

''It is tackling big markets and big challenges, but that doesn't necessarily mean that those are going to be big businesses,'' said Daniel Oros, a partner at G2VP, a venture capital firm focused on emerging technology.

Mr. Oros said that his fund had not made an investment in the sector and that he did not see a way for the industry to take off without government policy to encourage it.

Klaus Lackner, the director of the Center for Negative Carbon Emissions at Arizona State University, said that for these businesses to succeed it would probably be necessary for governments to create a carbon tax or other subsidies as incentives for new businesses.

A few governments have taken tentative steps in that direction, but nothing close to the scale needed to support real businesses.

Mr. Lackner said investors should assume that governments would be willing at some point for what the companies were doing.

''In the end, there is no way for the market to not exist,'' he said. ''This will be a brand-new industry at a huge scale.''

A small number of companies have had success making this argument to investors.

Carbon Engineering, a Canadian company founded in 2009 that pulls carbon dioxide out of the air by running it through specially formulated chemicals, announced last month that it had raised $68 million to build its first commercial facility.

But the investment demonstrated just how difficult it has been for companies in the industry.

In the time it took Carbon Engineering to raise one round of $68 million, Slack, a messaging company founded the same year, has raised more than 10 times as much, and is now preparing for an initial public offering that could value it at nearly $20 billion.

Carbon Engineering relied on investments from big oil companies, in part because Silicon Valley  investors were generally uninterested  in Carbon Engineering's pitch [although a few did get involved].

''We don't have the  build-one-and-a-million buy it model, that they have focused on,'' Steve-Oldham, Carbon Engineering's chief executive, said.

Everyone who discusses the difficulties these start-ups face points back to the clean-tech, when several venture capital firms put billions of dollars into solar energy and other technologies.

While solar-power has gathered traction, most of the clean-tech funds were viewed as failures.

The Honor and Serving of the latest  Global Operational Research on Carbon and Climate Technology status, continues.

With respectful dedication to the Leaders, Students, Professors and Teachers of the world. See Ya all on Facebook : The World Students Society - for every subject in the world : wssciw.blogspot.com  and Twitter - !E-WOW! - the Ecosystem 2011:

''' Carbon Emissions '''

Good Night and God Bless

SAM Daily Times - the Voice of the Voiceless


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