BY the time he was brought into the remote clinic in northeaster South Sudan, two year-old Nyachoat was already convulsing from the malaria attacking his brain.

After being given medication he lies fast asleep, naked and feverish, attached to a drip, his anxious mother sitting on the bed next to him.

Nyachoat could be saved, but others are not so lucky.

*In South Sudan mind-bending horrors abound of war, ethnic violence rape, hunger and displacement*.

But for civilians living in the shadow of conflict, the greatest danger is often being cut off from health services, whether due to violence or lack of development in the vast, remote areas that make up much of the country.

According to the International Committee of the Red Cross [ICRC] which supports the tiny clinic where Nyachoat is recovering in Udier village, 70 percent of all illness deaths are due to easily treatable malaria, acute watery diarrhoea and respiratory infection.

In case of more serious illness there is ''no place'' to go, said Nychoat's 22 year old mother Buk Gader.

A study by the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine [LSHTM] last year showed almost 400,000 people had died as a result of South Sudan's six year war.

Half of these are due to violent deaths, and half because of the increased risk of disease and reduced access to healthcare as a result of the conflict.

ICRC health field officer Irene Oyenya said the Upper Nile region was particularly affected.

''There were [aid] organisations which were supplying primary healthcare, but then during the war, most of the organisations got evacuated'' and pulled out of the country, she said. [Agencies]


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