Headline March 22, 2018/ '' 'MONGOLIA -MINUS 40 DEGREES- MISERABLE' ''



''O''CAPTAIN : Prime Minister Imran Khan, Your Excellency!

STUDENTS The World Over Merium, Rabo, Dee, Haleema, Saima, Zainab,  Zilli, Seher Khan, Sarah, Aqsa, Lakshmi, Juniper, Dantini. Hussain, Shahzaib, Ali, Haider, Salar, Jordan, Vishnu and then these-

Little Angels : Maynah, Harem, Ibrahim, Maria, Haanyia and Merium, and the students from the whole world, have just been wondering-

Wondering, and researching and wondering what precisely are the levels of PH2.5 in say, in Karachi, Lahore, and elsewhere? Do you  think, Sir, the Chief Ministers would know? Or maybe the provincial MPs would know? Or care? ''

Ulaanbaatar, New Delhi, Dhaka, Kabul, Beijing, should one be somewhat  transparent, are nothing but one wretched cities to eek out a miserable existence and living. And The World Students Society, totally agrees.

IN THE WORLD'S COLDEST CAPITAL, many, many burn coal and plastic just to survive temperatures as low -40 degrees   but warmth comes at a deadly price:

Deadly pollution makes Ulaanbataar's air just too toxic for children to breathe, leaving parents with little choice but to evacuate them to  the countryside.

THIS exodus is a start warning of the future for urban areas in much of Asia, where scenes of citizens in antipollution masks against a backdrop of brown skies are becoming routine, rather than apocalyptic.

Ulaanbaatar is one of the most polluted cities on the planet, alongside New Delhi, Dhaka, Kabul, and Beijing. It regularly exceeds World Health Organisation Recommendations for air quality as experts warn of disastrous consequences, particularly for children, including stunted development, chronic illness, and in some cases death.

Erdene-Bat Naranchimeg watched helplessly as her daughter Amina battled illness virtually from birth, her immune system handicapped by the smog-choked air in Mongolia's capital.

''We would constantly be in-and-out of the hospital,'' Naranchimeg told AFP, adding that Amina contracted pneumonia twice at the age of two, requiring several rounds of antibiotics.

This is not a unique case in a city where winter temperatures plunge towards uninhabitable, particularly in the districts that rural workers moved to in search of a better life.

Here row upon row of the traditional tents - known as gers - are warmed by coal, or any other  flammable material  available. The resulting thick black smoke shoots out in plumes, blanketing surrounding areas in the film of smog that makes visibility so poor it can be hard to see even a few metres ahead.

Hospitals are packed and young children are vulnerable, common colds can quickly escalate into life threatening illness.

Birth Defects Then : The situation was so bad that doctors told Naranchimeg the only solution was to send her little girl to the clean air of the countryside. Now aged five, student Amina is thriving. She lives with her grandparents in Bormuur Sum, a village 135 kilometres away from the capital.

''She hasn't been sick since she started living here,'' said Naranchimeg, who makes the three-hour round trip to see Amina every week.

''It was very difficult in the first few months,'' she said. ''We used to cry when we talked over the phone.'' But like many parents in Ulaanbaatar she felt the move was the only way to protect her child.

The levels of PM2-5 - tiny and harmful particles - in Ulaanbaatar reached 3,320 in January, 133 times what the World Health Organisation considers safe.

The efforts are terrible for adults but children are even more at risk, in part because they breathe faster, taking up more air and pollutants.

As they are smaller, children can also closer to the ground, where some pollutants concentrate, and their still developing lungs, brains, and other key organs are more vulnerable to damage.

Effects to prolonged exposure range from persistent infections and asthma to slowed lung  and brain development.

The Honor and Serving of the latest Global Operational Research on Toxic air continues.

With respectful dedication to the leaders of the developing world, Grandparents, Parents, Children, Students, Professors and Teachers of the world.

See Ya all prepare for Great Global Elections and ''register'' on The World Students Society : wssciw.blogspot.com and Twitter - E-!WOW! - the Ecosystem 2011:

''' Toxic Tears '''

Good Night and God Bless

SAM Daily Times - the Voice of the Voiceless


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