HUMAN BEING have a will therefore it is not possible to predict their behavior as accurately as in the natural sciences.

Some students have requested that I share my views on the philosophy of the social sciences. Some scholars prefer the singular form : Philosophy of social science. However, such distinctions do not really matter much.

Philosophy of social science is that branch of philosophy which examines the concepts, methods and logic underpinning social sciences.

A simple way of distinguishing between humanities, social sciences and natural sciences is to imagine a spectrum of continuum with two extreme poles. On the one end one can place humanities and on the other end the natural sciences.

The humanities consisting of fiction, poetry, literature, the arts, history, religion, theology, philosophy, language and so on look at the unique, subjective and mystical.

An exposure to humanities help us develop an aesthetical and liberal approach to life.

On the other hand, the natural sciences explain phenomena as a web of material cause and effect relationships. 

The scientific method is a combination of deductive reasoning in the form hypotheses which are then examined a finite number of times, which is essentially premised on inductive reasoning .

On such a basis a chain of hypotheses leads to theory.

Scientific laws are derived through such a process. Scientific truths are true until proven. For a theory to be scientific it must be open to observation, testing and  falsification.

A scientific theory must be falsifiable, which means it cannot be taken as the final truth though as long as it is not proved wrong it is accepted a a reliable and the known truth.

The frontiers of science are always expanding.

The honor and serving of the latest operational research on sciences and philosophy, continues.

The World Students Society thanks author and researcher Professor Ishtiaq Ahmed, Professor Emeritus of Political Science, Stockholm University. Sweden.


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