Headline October 29, 2018/ '' ' REVISING -*SPACE*- STUDENTS ' ''


THE FUTURE OF THE UNIVERSE...... Belongs........... To the students of the world:......   !Who the hell say that?  : 

 *The World Students Society* say that  :

Merium, Rabo, Haleema, Dee, Saima, Sarah, Sameen, Areesha, Zainab, Eman, Armeen, Dantini, Lakshmi, Seher, Armeen, Aqsa, Zilli, Juniper, Shahbano, Nina, Paras, Sorat, Anne.......................... 

Hussain, Shahzaib, Umair Nasir, Jordan, Toby, Salar, Bilal, Ali, Faraz, Wajahat, Haider, Danyial, Zaeem, Ehsan, Umer, Reza/Canada, Ghazi, Hamza, Ali Hassan, Awais Khattak, Hazeem and Rahym/UK.

And the Little Angels : Maynah, Maria, Harem, Dawood, Ibrahim, Hannyia and Merium. 

Yes, agreed! The World Students Society has crossed the *tipping point of credibility*..............Now, nothing should impede your preparations.

BUT, FOR The World at large is not going to give you any recognition, or respect or a say, unless we go through the process of a great, Global Democratic Election.

So get preparing relentlessly and ''register'' on : wssciw.blogspot.com - The World Students Society -for every subject in the world.

Leaders, Grandparent, Parents, Everybody and all Welcome but only eligible students can vote. Don't look for perfection, we move with all the imperfections conceivable.

The Deputy Prime Minister of of Luxembourg Etienne Schneider - in June last, was host to  symposium, with a roomful of bankers and venture capitalists, a vivid demonstration that private space investment has reached a tipping point of credibility.

A Goldman Sachs report about innovative space businesses that came out last spring seemed to agree.

''Space mining could be more realistic than perceived,'' the report said. ''While the psychological barrier to mining asteroids is high, the actual financial and technological barriers are far lower.''

For Planetary Resources, the first wave of development is to culminate in a doughnut-shape spacecraft heading on a prospecting mission to a near-Earth asteroid in 2020.

Sometimes after that, the company hopes to mine in earnest, for seemingly mundane water ice. But water, in addition to potentially providing something to drink for astronauts, can be split into Hydrogen and Oxygen.

Both can be used as rocket propellant; the oxygen, of course, also can provide air to breathe.

As a business, Planetary Resources is betting that by the time it extracts water from an asteroid, there will be customer like NASA interested in buying water, hydrogen and oxygen.

Eventually, the company aims to extract platinum, currently worth more $900 an ounce, and other precious metals.

To make those pursuits easier, Luxembourg passed a space law that took effect this summer. Planetary Resources has set up its European office there. Moves like this one are in part motivating policymakers in the United States to devout more attention to American laws that currently govern commercial space activities.

Revising Space Law : Ambiguities in the Outer Space Treaty create uncertainty over whether anyone can profit from such business ventures.

Article 11 in particular states : ''Outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, is not subject national appropriation by claim of sovereignty, by means of use or occupation or by any other means.''

If the United States is prohibited from appropriating a celestial body, is a private company allowed to appropriate a mineral mined out of a celestial body?

The Moon Treaty, established in 1979, declared that any resources from out space should be shared among all nations, but most countries, including the United States, never signed or ratified it.

Two years ago, Congress passed and President Obama signed a law that said private companies can own and sell what they extract, although, under the language of the Outer Space Treaty, the companies cannot claim ownership of the celestial body itself.

This year, Congress is revising Outer Space Treaty, hoping to help nascent space companies looking to push outward into the solar system.

Republicans in Congress have said they want the new space ventures to thrive in ''permissionless innovation,'' similar to ethos that nourished new enterprises on the Internet.

This spring, the House science committee packed those ideas into a bill that has been sent to the full House.

It would put the regulatory power in an Office of Space Commerce, which would have 60 days to decide whether to approve or deny a company's application.

The full House has not yet taken up the bill, and the Senate is still working on its own version.

Once the price of transportation comes down, more business opportunities will open up, Dr. Richards said.

With respectful dedication to the Leaders, Grandparents, Parents, Students, Professors and Teachers of the world. See Ya  all prepare for Global Elections and ''register'' on : wssciw.blogspot.com  and.........

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Good Night and God Bless

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