I SPOKE by phone with Saed Mohammed, a 31-year-old teacher confined since 2012 in a camp. ''The government has cheated us so many times,'' he told me.

''I have lost my trust in Aung San Suu Kyi. She is still lying. She never talks about our Rohingya suffering. She talks of peace and community, but her government has done nothing for reconciliation.''

Rakhine, also called Arakan, was an independent kingdom before falling under Burmese control in the late 18th century. Long neglect from the central government, the fruit of mutual suspicion, has spawned a Rakhine Buddhist independence movement, whose military wing is the Arakan Army.

''We're suffering from 70 years of oppression from the government.,'' Htun Aung Kyaw, the general secretary of the Arakan Nationalist Party, whose objective is self-determination for the region, told me.

The steady influx over a long period of Bengali Muslims, encouraged by the British Empire to provide cheap labor, exacerbated Rakhine Buddhists resentments.

The Muslim community has grown to about one-third of Rakhine's population of more than 31 million and, overtime, its self-identification as ''Rohingya'' has become steadily more universal.

Within Myanmar, this single word, ''Rohingya'' resembles a fuse to a bomb. It sets people off. I could find hardly anybody, outside the community itself, even prepared to use it; if they did they generally accompanied it with a racist slur.

The general view is that there are no Rohingya. They are all ''Bengalis''.

U Nyar Na, a Buddhist monk, seemed a picture of serenity, seated at the window of Sittwe monastery beside magenta robes hanging on a line.

But when our conversation turned to Rohingya, he bristled.

''The whole problem lies in that word; there are no Rohingya among the 135 ethnic groups in Myanmar.'' he told me, alluding to the indigenous peoples listed in the connection with the country's  1982 citizenship law :

''This is not an existing ethnic group, they just created it. So if they believe it, the belief is false.''

He reached down for his smartphone, and found an Internet image supposedly representing the secessionist plans of the ''Bengali Muslims.''

It showed Rakhine, shaded green, under the words : "Sovereign State of Rahamaland, an independent state of  Rohingya people.''

He looked at me as if to say, there, you see, empirical proof of their diabolical intent.

The Sadness in Honor and Serving of the latest Operational Research on Rohingyas continues to Part 4. !WOW! thanks, most profusely, author and researcher, Roger Cohen.


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