A 2009 study by the International Maritime Organization found that a ''significant potential'' for  reducing emissions -

''Through technical and operational measures has been identified''.

Those measures according to the study, ''could increase efficiency and reduce the emissions rate by 25 percent to 75 percent below the current levels.

Many of these measures appear to be cost-effective.'' But impediments, including ''costs, a lack of incentive and other barriers, prevent many of them from being adopted,'' the report added.

The Marshal Islands first proposed an industry wide target to curb shipping's rising emissions in the lead-up to the 2015 Paris climate conference.

The Marshall Islands may be a tiny, climate vulnerable nation of low-lying islands and atolls threatened by rising seas, but it also hosts -

The world's second  largest shipping registry and is almost entirely reliant on sea transportation for food and other crucial supplies.

Given all this, perhaps no country is better placed to highlight the need to act, and to do so in way that is economically sustainable.

In Paris, the Marshal Islands went on to form a High Ambition Coalition of progressive countries that was pivotal to securing the final agreement.

That coalition is mobilizing once again, with the Pacific Island nations, the Caribbeans, Latin American countries.

Europe and others already working together to ensure a similarity among outcome.

While the  Marshal Islands  may be one of the countries most at risk from climate change, no country will ever be safe.

With this in mind, nearly 50 countries have already joined the Tony de Brum Declaration, which has called for urgent action to reduce the shipping industry's emissions.

The Honor and Serving of the latest Operational Research on Polluters and the Oceanic world continues to Part 2.

!WOW! thanks authors and researchers Hilda Heine and  Christina Figueres.


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