Headline June 25, 2017/ ''' MATHEMATICS OF * MAESTROS * '''


''MERIUM, RABO, HALEEMA, Hussain, Shahzaib, Vishnu/India : 'few in the world know,  and even fewer can comprehend where-

*Law of Evidence*, *Criminal Law*,  Biometrics identification*  may have been, had it not been for this great  Mathematical Genius  from Bengal.....  
TRAGICALLY SUFFERING, LOST AND WEARY :  Qazi Azizul Haque. was found sleeping outside the home of a wealthy, distinguished Bengali Babu, a Hindu-

Who took pity on him and employed him as an errand boy in his house. Student Haque settled down in the large  Calcutta  house of his benefactor doing every odd chore when and  so.

However, when a tutor would come to teach the children of the house, Haque would eagerly squat on the floor nearby and take interest in the lessons. 

Pretty soon Haque was solving problems which the children of the house could not.

The astonished tutor just could not believe the Little Genius's mathematical bent and so  further grilled Haque and was yet more surprised by his mathematical acumen and thus,  promptly reported the matter  to the master of the house...............

KHAN Bahadur  Qazi Azizul Haque   was born in 1872  in   Paigram Kasha village in in Khulna district of Bengal, now in Bangladesh. His parents died in boat accident when Haque was a child.

The sudden and tragic loos of his parents, especially his father, entailed financial hardship  on the family, leaving Haque's elder brother  to look after the family.

Haque was a precocious child with an uncanny ability to solve numerical problems. His other passion was food  -from all accounts he was a hearty eater.

Since, the family was hard up, Haque was often scolded by his older brother to mend his eating habits. 

One day his brother returned home from work, to find Haque besides eating his own share of the meal, had  also consumed  a substantial amount portion of his brother's food.

Enraged, he thrashed Haque. Humiliated and heartbroken, Haque left the house, boarded a train and arrived in Calcutta in 1884.

So as fate unfolds, Haque arrived and his employer, this kind Hindu gentlemen after learning of his brilliance  further queried Haque, who at last told him the truth  -that he was a runaway from home and with some formal schooling in his village.

The gentleman was convinced that  student Haque  was a very gifted lad. Then and there, he arranged proper schooling for the child.

Haque went on to attend the prestigious  Presidency College in Calcutta where he excelled in mathematics and science. 

In 1802, Sir Edward Richard Henry  [1851-1931], Inspector General of the Bengal Police, wrote to the principal of the college requesting him to recommend one of the students with a strong background in statistics, for a job under him in the police service.

The college principal immediately recommended Haque, whereby, he was recruited as a police  sub-inspector along with another young man, Hem Chandra Bose.

Both Haque and Bose were employed by  Sir Henry yo develop the  ''Henry Classification System'' of fingerprints. Haque, reportedly, -provided the mathematical basis for the system, while Bose complimented it by devising a telegraphic code system for fingerprints.

The research of Sir Henry, Haque and Bose which came to be known as the  ''Henry Classification System''  of fingerprinting was successfully used for a century.

Serious studies of  hand impressions  and  fingerprints characteristics started from the  mid-1600s onwards in Europe.    However,   the use of fingerprints as a means of identification did not occur until mid-19th century.

In about, 1859, Sir William James Herschel discovered that fingerprints remain stable over time and are unique across individuals. 

As chief magistrate of the  Hoogly district in Jungipur, India, in 1877, he was the first to institute the use of fingerprints as as a means of identification, signing legal documents, and authenticating transactions. 

In 1892,  statistician Sir Francis Golton published his highly influential book,  Finger Prints  in which he described his classification system that include three main fingerprint patterns   -loops, whirls and arches.

In 1894, Sir Henry became interested in fingerprints for the use of criminal investigation an his fingerprint identification system has earlier been recounted.

As a distinguished police officer, Haque, subsequently, opted to join the Bihar Police Service when Bihar was separated from the Bengal Presidency in 1912. Upon his retirement from service, he settled in in Motohari, Bihar, where he died in 1935.

He had surviving children. His wife and children with their families migrated to Pakistan after partition in 1947.  

Historians, researchers and experts on the subject of fingerprinting, both Indian and Western, have over the years unanimously acknowledged the role of Haque as the man-

Who contributed the maximum in devising and perfecting the  *Henry Classification System  of fingerprints*.

For his exceptional contribution Haque received the title of Khan Sahib in 1913, and that of Khan Bahadur in 1924 from the British Government along with a jagir [federal land grant] in Motihari.    

With respectful dedication to the Leaders, Parents, Students, Professors and Teachers of  Bangladesh and the World. See Ya all on !WOW!  -the World Students Society and Twitter-!E-WOW!   -the Ecosystem 2011:

''' The Star '''

Good Night and God Bless

SAM Daily Times - the Voice of the Voiceless


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