Life on Earth ‘may have begun on Mars’

Mars could be the origin of minerals needed to create


Life on Earth 'may have begun on Mars'
Life on Earth may have started on Mars and been blasted onto our planet by meteorites or volcanic eruptions, a major scientific conference has heard.
An element believed to be crucial to the origin of life would only have been available on the surface of the Red Planet, it is claimed.
Geochemist Professor Steven Benner argues that the ‘seeds’ of life probably arrived on Earth in meteorites or via volcanic eruptions.
As evidence he points to the oxidised mineral form of the element molybdenum, thought to be a catalyst that helped organic molecules develop into the first living structures.
‘It’s only when molybdenum becomes highly oxidised that it is able to influence how early life formed,’ said Professor Benner, from The Westheimer Institute for Science and Technology in the United States.
‘This form of molybdenum couldn’t have been available on Earth at the time life first began, because three billion years ago the surface of the Earth had very little oxygen, but Mars did.
‘It’s yet another piece of evidence which makes it more likely life came to Earth on a Martian meteorite, rather than starting on this planet.’
All living things are made from organic matter, but simply adding energy to organic molecules will not create life.
Instead, left to themselves, organic molecules become something more like tar or asphalt, said Professor Benner.
An image from the Mast Camera (Mastcam) on NASA's Mars rover Curiosity shows the surface of the planet with inclined layering known as cross-bedding in an outcrop called "Shaler" on a scale of a few tenths of a meter, or decimeters (1 decimeter is nearly 4 inches) in this NASA handout released January 15, 2013.
The minerals from Mars could have come to Earth via volcanic eruptions or meteorites
Certain elements seem able to control the propensity of organic materials to turn to tar, particularly boron and molybdenum, so we believe that minerals containing both were fundamental to life first starting.
‘Analysis of a Martian meteorite recently showed that there was boron on Mars – we now believe that the oxidised form of molybdenum was there too.’
Another reason why life would have struggled to start on Earth was that it was likely to have been covered by water, said Professor Benner.
Water would have prevented sufficient concentrations of boron forming and is corrosive to RNA, a DNA cousin believed to be the first genetic molecule to appear.
Although its is believed there was water on early Mars, it covered much less of the planet.
‘The evidence seems to be building that we are actually all Martians – that life started on Mars and came to Earth on a rock,’ said Professor Benner, speaking at the Goldschmidt 2013 conference in Florence, Italy.
‘It’s lucky that we ended up here nevertheless, as certainly Earth has been the better of the two planets for sustaining life.
‘If our hypothetical Martian ancestors had remained on Mars, there might not have been a story to tell.’


Post a Comment

Grace A Comment!